E2GC: Energy-efficient group convolution in deep neural networks

Variation of FLOPs and arithmetic instensity

Abstract

The number of groups (g) in group convolution (GConv) is selected to boost the predictive performance of deep neural networks (DNNs) in a compute and parameter efficient manner. However, we show that naive selection of g in GConv creates an imbalance between the computational complexity and degree of data reuse, which leads to suboptimal energy efficiency in DNNs. We devise an optimum group size model, which enables a balance between computational cost and data movement cost, thus, optimize the energy-efficiency of DNNs. Based on the insights from this model, we propose an “energyefficient group convolution” (E2GC) module where, unlike the previous implementations of GConv, the group size (G) remains constant. Further, to demonstrate the efficacy of the E2GC module, we incorporate this module in the design of MobileNet-V1 and ResNeXt-50 and perform experiments on two GPUs, P100 and P4000. We show that, at comparable computational complexity, DNNs with constant group size (E2GC) are more energy-efficient than DNNs with a fixed number of groups (Fg GC). For example, on P100 GPU, the energy-efficiency of MobileNet-V1 and ResNeXt-50 is increased by 10.8% and 4.73% (respectively) when E2GC modules substitute the Fg GC modules in both the DNNs. Furthermore, through our extensive experimentation with ImageNet-1K and Food-101 image classification datasets, we show that the E2GC module enables a trade-off between generalization ability and representational power of DNN. Thus, the predictive performance of DNNs can be optimized by selecting an appropriate G.

Publication
In VLSID 2020
Nandan Kumar Jha
Nandan Kumar Jha
PhD student at NYU CCS

My research goal is to enable near-real-time deep learning on encrypted data by co-designing deep neural networks and cryptographic primitives.